Fiji

On 6 December 2006, the democratically elected Government of Fiji was replaced following a military takeover. Shortly thereafter, the Parliament of Fiji was suspended. At the time, the Parliament of Fiji comprised two houses – the 71-member, elected House of Representatives and the 32 member, appointed Senate. The 2006 Parliament had 8 women elected to the House of Representatives and 5 women appointed to the Senate.

In September 2013, the President of Fiji assented to the country’s new constitution. The role and powers of the Parliament of the Republic of Fiji is outlined in Chapter 3 of the 2013 Constitution of the Republic of Fiji, most notably a change in the parliamentary system from a previously Bi-cameral legislature with 103 members (71 members in the House of Representatives and 32 in the House of Senate) to a Uni-cameral legislature of 50 members. In March 2017, the number of seats in Parliament was increased to 51, based on updated population data and registered voter figures.

From the 2017 official census carried out  by the Fiji Bureau of Statistics, the country’s population totalled 884,887.

The Government of Fiji held its general elections on Wednesday 17th September 2014 where Members of Parliament were elected through an Open List proportional representation voting system, with one national constituency. Political parties and Independent candidates must now reach a minimum of 5% national threshold to be eligible for a seat in Parliament. The Fiji Electoral Decree (2012) governs the registration of Voters, and the Political Parties decree (2013) outlines the registration, conduct, funding, and disclosures of political parties in Fiji. 7 Political Parties fulfilled the requirements under the Political Parties decree to register and contest the 2014 general elections as well as two independent candidates (one of whom was female). A commendable number of 44 female candidates (17.7%) out of the total number of 248 candidates stood in the 2014 general elections. 

Under the 2013 Constitution, the voting age was reduced to 18 years. Following the official announcement of the Fiji election results on 21st September 2014, the FijiFirst political party pooled 59.2% of votes cast, securing 32 seats in Parliament. The Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA) received 28.2% of votes cast, securing 15 seats, whilst the National Federation party received 5.5% of votes cast, securing them 3 seats in Parliament. 500, 078 cast their vote in the 2014 elections (85% voter turn out)

As of October 1st 2018, the Fiji Elections office registered a total of 637,527[1] voters (316,431 are males, 321,096 females). The writ for 2018 elections was issued on the 1st of October 2018. Pre-polling began from the 5th to the 10th of November 2018, with Election day set for NOvember 14th 2018.

As of 03 July 2018, eight (8) registered political parties were registered in Fiji, as follows:  

  1. FijiFirst
  2. Freedom Alliance
  3. Fiji Labour Party (FLP)
  4. Humanity Opportunity Prosperity, Equality (HOPE)
  5. National Federation Party (NFP)
  6. People’s Democratic Party (PDP)
  7. Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA)
  8. Unity Fiji

Of the eight registered parties, only six were able to put up viable candidates to contest the general elections:

  1. FijiFirst
  2. Fiji Labour Party (FLP)
  3. Humanity Opportunity Prosperity, Equality (HOPE)
  4. National Federation Party (NFP)
  5. Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA)
  6. Unity Fiji

The names of 234 approved candidates from six political parties was released at the close of nominations on 15th october 2018. 56 Fijian women (24%) out of the 235 candidates were confirmed to stand in the 2018 elections. This was a slight improvement from the 2014 elections, where there were 44 women (18%) out of the total number of 248 candidates. 

 

Political Party

Number of candidates for 2018 elections

Number of women candidates for 2018 elections

% of women candidates for 2018 elections

1

Social Democratic Liberal Party

51

7

14%

2

National Federation Party

51

10

20%

3

Unity Fiji

29

5

18%

4

Fiji Labour Party

25

6

24%

5

FijiFirst

51

10

20%

6

HOPE

28

17

64%

 

TOTALS

235

56

24%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At the final count of votes, 10 women out of 51 MPs were voted into the Parliament of Fiji, representing 3 political parties. FijiFirst, the ruling party from the previous elections, held on to the majority votes, receiving a total of 227,241 votes (50.02%), followed by the Social Democratic Liberal Party SODELPA with 181,072 votes (39.85%), and the National Federation Party with 33,515 votes.

The newly elected women MPs are:

FijiFirst: Hon. Premila Kumar, Hon. Mereseini Vuniwaqa, Hon. Selai Adimaitoga, Hon. Rosy Sofia Akbar, Hon. Veena Bhatnagar

SODELPA: Hon. Lynda Tabuya, Hon. Teimumu Kepa, Hon. Salote Radrodro, Hon. Adi Litia Qionibaravi

NFP: Hon. Lenora Qereqeretabua

Adi Laisa Balavu Tora

Party: FijiFirst

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Adi Sivia Qoro

Party: People’s Democratic Party (PDP)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Adi Sivo L. Ravuwale

Party: People’s Democratic Party (PDP)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Adi Varanisese Tavaiqia Ligalevu

Party: People’s Democratic Party (PDP)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Akosita Fine Tagi Ditoka

Party: One Fiji Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Amele Wabale

Party: People’s Democratic Party (PDP)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Anishni Chand

Party: National Federation Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Ansu Lata

Party: National Federation Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Asenaca Toga Batikara

Party: One Fiji Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Dr. Eci Kikau Nabalarua

Party: National Federation Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Dr. Jiko Fatafehi Luveni

Party: FijiFirst

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Speaker of the House of Parliament (Dr. Luveni was nominated by the Government and unanimously elected by MPs. The position of Speaker is not a Member of Parliament)

Dr. Mere Tuisalalo Samisoni

Party: Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Fay Evangeline Volatabu

Party: National Federation Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Hon. Dr. Mere Tuisalalo Samisoni

Party: Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: N/A

Hon. Lorna Eden

Party: FijiFirst

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Assistant Minister for Local Government, Housing and Environment

Hon. Lynda Diseru Tabuya

Party: Social Democratic LIberal Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Member of Parliament (Opposition)

Hon. Premila Kumar

Party: FijiFirst

Electorate: N/A

Province: N/A

Political Status: Minister for Industry,Trade, Tourism, Local Govt, Housing & Community Development

Hon. Selai Adimaitoga

Party: FijiFirst

Electorate: N/A

Province: N/A

Political Status: Member of Parliament (Government)

Jilila Nalibu Kumar

Party: FijiFirst

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Government Backbencher

Kalisi Makaba Ratuwara

Party: National Federation Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Koleta Marama Sivivatu

Party: FijiFirst

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Laisa Bale

Party: Fiji Labor Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Laisani Rokorainima Qaqaniliwa

Party: Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Lavinia Kau Padarath

Party: Fiji Labor Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Leba Seni Lutu Nabou

Party: National Federation Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Losena Moce Salabula

Party: Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Luisa Waqanika

Party: FijiFirst

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Makereta Rosi

Party: One Fiji Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Mereoni Tuvou

Party: People’s Democratic Party (PDP)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Monica Nalini Raghwan

Party: Fiji Labor Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Nanise Vunisere Kasami Nagusuca

Party: Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Nazia Nisha Khan

Party: People’s Democratic Party (PDP)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Pasepa Rosarine Lagi

Party: Fiji Labor Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Paulini Waqaniboro

Party: Fiji Labor Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Penina Banaqaqa Fenton Ravulo

Party: Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Roko Tupou Takeiwai Senirewa Draunidalo

Party: Humanity Opportunity Prosperity Equality (HOPE)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: President of HOPE party

Roshika Deo

Party: Independent

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Sant Kumari Murti

Party: National Federation Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Shiromani Priscilla Singh

Party: National Federation Party

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Sulochna Wati

Party: People’s Democratic Party (PDP)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Surujmati Parama Nand

Party: People’s Democratic Party (PDP)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

Vane Masisavuna Baleiloa Koroi Seruvakula

Party: Social Democratic Liberal Party (SODELPA)

Electorate: Fiji

Province: N/A

Political Status: Nominated Candidate

No Women MPs