This desk review on ‘Women and leadership in Solomon Islands’ was commissioned to assist IWDA to reflect on the potential direction, approach and suitable partnerships for the FLOW program development in Solomon Islands. Drawing from journal articles, local news reports and grey literature, this review has sought to address key questions, including: (i) What are the enablers and barriers to women’s (and young women’s) political leadership and participation in Solomon Islands? (ii) What are the avenues for women’s leadership outside of formal politics? How are these roles and opportunities perceived? (iii) What work is being undertaken by CSOs/women’s networks and agencies in Solomon Islands to promote leadership? (iv) What lessons have been learned from existing women’s leadership programs in Solomon Islands that can be drawn from in the development of new programs?