Since independence, there have been only two woman elected to the national Parliament, and few women choose to run as candidates. In the 2006 election, there were only two women candidates. In the 2010 elections, no women were elected, but following a bye-election due to the death of a members of parliament, Hon Pelenika Isaia was elected. More women have become involved at the local level of government, with women participating in the quarterly meetings of Falekaupule Assemblies and serving on various development committees in the Kaupule (Council) for each island.
In the most recent General Election on Tuesday March 31, 2015 a total of 29 candidates stood for elections. There was only three women candidates (10%), Dr Puakena Boreham and Pelenike Tekinene Isaia, who were both vying for the two seats of the Nui Electoral District. The third candidate was Hilia Vavae from the Nanumea Electoral District.
Dr Puakene Boreham was the only woman who won her seat, being the one woman (6%) in a 15 member parliament.