Nauru has a population of approximately 10,000 people. Elections are required to be held at least every three years, although political instability has often resulted in more frequent elections. Nauru has an unusual electoral system called the Modified Borda Count, and uses multi-member constituencies. The national Parliament has 19 Members of Parliament, since an enactment in July 2012 came into force during the 8 June 2013 national elections. Nauru has not historically had strong, formal structures for political parties, with candidates typically standing as independents. In 2003, the Nauru First party was successful in elections and continues to have members sitting in Parliament.
There is currently one women in the Nauru Parliament, Hon Charmaine Scotty who was elected in the 8 June 2013 elections. Before this, there had only been one woman ever elected to Parliament in the history of independent Nauru. Hon Ruby Dediya was elected four times, serving from 1986 to 1989 and then 1992 to 1997.
A study completed in 2006, "Developing a More Facilitating Environment for Womens Political Participation in Nauru", found that between 1968 and 2004, 860 male candidates ran for national elections in Nauru, with only 31 female candidates running. Interestingly, the study found that of the women who did stand for Parliament, 25 were single and only 6 were married. In the 2007 and 2008 elections the number of women candidates dramatically increased and two women came close to election. In the 2013 elections, five women ran for Parliament and one was successful. It is notable that women were relatively successful in being elected to the Constitutional Convention in 2007, suggesting that women in Nauru are ready to take on the role of parliamentarians. In light of the large number of independents in the Parliament, the only temporary special measure which could be utilised to increase the number of women in the Parliament is the creation of seats reserved for women. This was suggested during the 2006-7 constitutional reform process, but was not supported during public consultations.
Hon Ruby Dediya
Political Status: Minister of Finance (1986-89)
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